Examining the influence of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Intention: A gender-focused analysis of intentions among undergraduate students
Keywords:Entrepreneurship education, Entrepreneurship intention, Attitudes, Gender differences, Developing countries
Background: In recent years, there has been a growing interest in understanding the impact of entrepreneurship education (EE) on entrepreneurial intentions (EI) among undergraduate students, as EI is a critical precursor to actual entrepreneurial behaviour. However, there is limited research that specifically explores the influence of EE on EI with a focus on gender differences, especially in developing countries.Purpose: This study investigates the influence of EE on undergraduate students’ EI, with a focus on the cognitive, behavioural, and affective components of EE. Additionally, the study explores how perceived competence of entrepreneurship lecturers, adequacy of facilities and equipment, and perceived adequacy of instructional materials and curriculum content influence students' EI. Furthermore, the study examines whether the effect of these factors varies among male and female undergraduate students.Methodology: The researchers collected data from undergraduate students over a three-year period via a self-reported online questionnaire. Hierarchical regression analysis was used for data analysis using SPSS version 24. Findings: The findings reveal a positive relationship between students’ EE and EI. The results further indicate that while cognitive attitudes do not influence EI, behavioural and affective attitudes do. Moreover, the study highlights that the influence of EE on EI differs among male and female students. Implications and conclusion: This study provides valuable insights into the teaching and delivery of EE in higher education institutions (HEIs), emphasising the importance of instructional methods, materials, facilities, and equipment in shaping EI in developing countries.
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