The Link between Documentation Status, Occupation Status, and Healthcare Access for African migrants
The link between migrants’ legal and employment status, access to health and health outcomes is widely explored in the academic literature on migration and health. However, there are few, if any, studies examining this link within African states. In this article we present survey data collected from refugees and people in refugee-like situations in Kenya, regular (labor) migrants in Nigeria, and irregular migrants in South Africa to examine the link between registration status, employment or occupation status, gender, and (perceptions of) access to healthcare. A range of statistical tests and models were applied to examine the effects of these different characteristics. A consistent finding throughout the three sample countries is that access for people without any documentation is lower than different other groups, not only by means but also within the linear models. This strongly suggests that extending regularization pathways in African states, even if on a temporary basis, would be an effective policy lever to improve migrants’ access to healthcare, and by extension migrants’ health. However, the effects of employment status and gender on access to healthcare were more ambiguous, and further research in African contexts is required to clarify their impact.
Copyright (c) 2021 African Human Mobility Review
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Articles and reviews in AHMR reflect the opinions of the contributors. AHMR allows the author/s to retain full copyright in their articles. This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Articles are made available under a Creative Commons license (CC-BY-4.0). Authors who have published under a CC BY 4.0 licence may share and distribute their article on commercial and non-commercial websites and repositories of their choice. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author/s provided the author/s is correctly attributed. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.