African Human Mobility Review <p>The African Human Mobility Review (AHMR) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed on-line journal created to encourage and facilitate the study of all aspects (socio-economic, political, legislative and developmental) of human mobility in Africa.</p> <p>Through the publication of original research, policy discussions and evidence-based research papers, AHMR provides a comprehensive forum devoted exclusively to the analysis of contemporaneous trends, migration patterns and some of the most important migration-related issues. The journal is accessible on-line at no charge.</p> <p>AHMR is jointly owned by the&nbsp; <a href=""><strong>Scalabrini Institute for Human Mobility in Africa</strong> (SIHMA)</a> and <a href=""><strong>University of the Western Cape</strong> (UWC)</a>.</p> <p>The AHMR journal is also <strong>accredited by the South African Department of Higher Education and Training</strong> (DHET)</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>Articles and reviews in AHMR reflect the opinions of the contributors. AHMR allows the author/s to retain full copyright in their articles. &nbsp;This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Articles are made available under a Creative Commons license (CC-BY-4.0). Authors who have published under a&nbsp;<a href="">&nbsp;CC BY 4.0&nbsp;</a>licence may share and distribute their article on commercial and non-commercial websites and repositories of their choice. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author/s provided the author/s is correctly attributed. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> (Dr Sergio Carciotto) (Mark Snyders) Fri, 18 Aug 2023 06:02:09 +0000 OJS 60 Migrations Between Africa and China: A Decentered Approach Oreva Olakpe, Anna Triandafyllidou Copyright (c) 2023 Oreva Olakpe, Anna Triandafyllidou Fri, 18 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Editorial Prof Mulugeta Dinbabo Copyright (c) 2023 Mulugeta Dinbabo Sun, 30 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Migration in Southern Africa Prof Daniel Tevera Copyright (c) 2023 Daniel Tevera Sun, 30 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Higher Education as ‘Strategic Power’? An Assessment of China-Africa Higher Education Partnerships and Collaborations <p>China is internationalizing its higher education sector – setting up several bilateral and multilateral partnerships between public and private institutions across the globe. However, as the “West” is disentangling itself from partnerships with Chinese institutions of higher education and the Confucius Institutes (CIs), African countries seem to be turning to Beijing. As a result, China overtook France to become the most preferred destination for African students. But, is higher education Beijing’s new strategy to enhance its global status? What is the effect of the shift toward Chinese higher education on Africa’s migration trends, and what is the agency of actors in Africa? Focusing on these questions, and premised on the concepts of student mobility, South–South Cooperation (SSC), and people-to-people exchange to explain the novelty and exceptionality of the partnerships, this paper explores the typology, nature, and processes involved in these partnerships and collaborations.</p> Obert Hodzi, Padmore Adusei Amoah Copyright (c) 2023 Obert Hodzi, Padmore Amoah Fri, 18 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Deportability, Deportation and Nigerian 'Deportspora' in China <p>How do the manifestations of deportability in everyday life and deportation experiences constitute African migrants into a “deportspora” in China? Despite the scholarly attention paid to the migration of Africans to China, questions of deportability and the simultaneous, reverse flows through their deportation are under-explored. In this article, I examine this critical gap by exploring the lifeworlds of Nigerian migrants and deportees from China, using data from two separate studies conducted in 2017 and 2020–2021. Nigerians are exposed to “illegalization,” experience deportability threats, and become vulnerable to arrest and re-dispersal as deportees. The realities of being undocumented and overstaying, the social act of running, and the host society’s instrumentalization of deportation to regulate or order the migrant community all point to the existence of Nigerian deportspora in China. The import of this form of social formation makes deportability and deportation an essential part of social life in the African migrant community in the Chinese city of Guangzhou. The article advances critical debates in deportation studies, especially in the under-researched context of Sino-African migrations.</p> Kudus Oluwatoyin Adebayo Copyright (c) 2023 Kudus Adebayo Fri, 18 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 South Africa’s Involvement in Counterinsurgency in Cabo Delgado: The Inclusion of the Views of Mozambican Migrants as an Alternative People-Centric Approach <p>Most scholarship on terrorism in Cabo Delgado (Mozambique) has focused on the nature and causes of the insurgency, who the insurgents are, where the insurgents come from, their underlying needs, and how the current military operations may be successful from a state-centric perspective. As a result, the role of non-state actors, such as migrants, has been left out. This is a qualitative study that relies on secondary data sources to offer a critical survey of the work done in the context of terrorism in Cabo Delgado. Using the counterinsurgency theory, the paper argues for the inclusion of the voice of Mozambican migrants in South Africa’s involvement in counterinsurgency in Cabo Delgado as one of the ways of developing a population-centric non-military approach. This is founded on direct and indirect ways of securing the population’s support, thereby isolating the insurgents in Mozambique. An awareness of the views of these migrants can shed light on what perpetuates the insurgency in Mozambique. The paper suggests new empirical studies that include the seemingly forgotten role of<br />migrants, in a non-military and people-centered approach in seeking to undermine global terror networks.</p> Joseph Makanda Copyright (c) 2023 Joseph Makanda Sun, 30 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Faith-Based Business Ethics Among African Muslim Small-Scale Businessowners in Guangzhou, China <p>Based on 14 months of ethnographic research, this article examines how African Muslim migrants build and maintain faith-based business ethics and how they apply these ethical business norms to help navigate their transnational lives in Guangzhou, China. Most of the African Muslim migrants included in the study are small-scale business owners who engage in semi-formal economic activities in both local and home markets. They face racial, cultural, and legal challenges on a daily basis. Unable to access formal means of support due to their precarious economic and legal status, many African Muslim small-business owners rely on informal business ethics to ensure a safe trading environment and mitigate risk. Their business ethics, I argue, are rooted in what I term “religious common ground” – the moral and ethical values shared among migrants from different Muslim groups. This article also explores the enforcing mechanisms of African Muslim small-scale business owners’ business ethics, such as mosques and coreligion business networks. This article concludes that there is no universal, standard code of conduct among African Muslim business owners in Guangzhou. Individuals among different Muslim communities have diverse interpretations of business ethics and practice them differently based on their nationality, ethnicity, religious habits, and socio-cultural backgrounds. This article contributes to a small but important literature that addresses the central role that religion plays in Muslim migrants’ business practices in a non-Muslim society.</p> Qiuyu Jiang Copyright (c) 2023 Qiuyu Jiang Fri, 18 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 South-South Cross-Border Marriage Between Chinese Men and Ethiopian Women <p>This article develops an ideal type of South-South cross-border marriage. Based on an eight-month multi-sited ethnography in Ethiopia and China, I identified an unusual conjuncture of global forces, connections, and imaginations that facilitated cross-border marriages between Chinese men and local women in Ethiopia, which should be considered a novel ideal type. Its theoretical novelty is not only defined by the unique dynamics among Sino-Ethiopian spouses vis-à-vis the “segregated” Chinese documented in existing studies but also by these marriages’ distinct formation mechanisms. Sino-Ethiopian marriage is not formed due to China being an attractive destination but is associated with China’s incompatible hard and soft power as forces, Chinese factories and accumulated Sino-Ethiopian social networks in local communities as connections, and localized imaginations. Furthermore, this study calls for a paradigm shift in examining cross-border marriages between a developing South and a rising South in this dramatically changing global capitalist world system.</p> Wei Wang Copyright (c) 2023 Wei Wang Fri, 18 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Framing Chinese Treatment of Africans in Guangzhou: A Study of Nigerian and Ghanaian Online Newspapers <p>The treatment of Africans in Guangzhou, China in 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic – here referred to as the “Guangzhou episode” – generated strong criticisms and made news headlines within and outside Africa. This paper analyzes the reportage of the episode in four online African newspapers: two each from Nigeria and Ghana. Specifically, it sheds light on how the episode was framed, comparing coverage between both countries. Using a discourse analysis that prioritizes language, source, and focus, the paper demonstrates that while Western media were important influences and sources for the newspapers, the African migrants’ experiences in the episode were largely framed within (ahistorical) victimhood. Yet the idea of “African” migrants had a noticeable Nigerian dimension.</p> Abdul-Gafar Oshodi Copyright (c) 2023 Abdul-Gafar Oshodi Fri, 18 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Who Wants to Go Where? Regional Variations in Emigration Intention in Nigeria <p>There has been an increase in the number of Nigerians desperately leaving the country. In the absence of accurate data on the rate of actual emigration, this study investigated emigration intention in Nigeria, and how it varies between northern and southern Nigeria – two regions with perennial sociocultural differences that have been neglected in migration research. The study also investigated the factors associated with emigration intention. It utilized secondary data from the Afrobarometer survey, including 1,600 Nigerian adults aged 18 and above. Logistic regression models were fitted to address the study objectives. The study found that the emigration intention rate in Nigeria was 35.5%, but it varied from 30.3% in the north to 40.3% in the south. The rate ranged from 26% in the north-east to 46.4% in the south-eastern part of the country. The most preferred destination for northern Nigerians was another country in Africa (32.4%), but it was North America for southerners (43.2%). At the multivariate level, the study found that living in the south, being educated, using the internet frequently, having tolerance for homosexuals, and participating in politics increased the likelihood of<br />emigration intention. However, being old, employed and having religious tolerance reduced the odds of emigration intention. The regional models revealed notable differences in the influence of age, education, employment, tolerance, and political participation. The study discusses the implications of the findings.</p> Tunde Alabi, Bamidele Olajide Copyright (c) 2023 Tunde Alabi, Bamidele Olajide Sun, 30 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000