African Human Mobility Review 2024-05-07T10:34:16+00:00 Dr Sergio Carciotto Open Journal Systems <p>The African Human Mobility Review (AHMR) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed on-line journal created to encourage and facilitate the study of all aspects (socio-economic, political, legislative and developmental) of human mobility in Africa.</p> <p>Through the publication of original research, policy discussions and evidence-based research papers, AHMR provides a comprehensive forum devoted exclusively to the analysis of contemporaneous trends, migration patterns and some of the most important migration-related issues. The journal is accessible on-line at no charge.</p> <p>AHMR is jointly owned by the&nbsp; <a href=""><strong>Scalabrini Institute for Human Mobility in Africa</strong> (SIHMA)</a> and <a href=""><strong>University of the Western Cape</strong> (UWC)</a>.</p> <p>The AHMR journal is also <strong>accredited by the South African Department of Higher Education and Training</strong> (DHET)</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Editorial 2024-05-07T10:34:16+00:00 Mulugeta Dinbabo 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Mulugeta Dinbabo The Palgrave Handbook of South–South Migration and Inequality 2024-04-19T07:23:25+00:00 Daniel Tevera 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Daniel Tevera Migration and the Constant Search for Self-Improvement in Africa 2024-02-27T11:42:13+00:00 Leander Kandilige Geraldine Asiwome Ampah Theophilus Kwabena Abutima <p>Globally, narratives about the nexus between migration and development have gained prominence among academics, policymakers, development practitioners, as well as social partners. However, the historical and contextual factors that have shaped the patterns of migration flows within and from the African continent have been poorly conceptualized and theorized. The components of migration that have the propensity to lead to self-improvement and development such as the sending of cash, social, and political remittances; skills and knowledge transfers; and diaspora-origin country engagements, need to be examined as a composite in order to fully appreciate the developmental potential of migration within the African context. Using thematic and content analysis of relevant extant literature, we examine the contextual factors that characterize the nexus between migration and self-improvement/development in Africa. Our analyses are situated within an Africa-centered conceptualization of development and migration. We argue that the development impacts of migration vary across different regions in Africa depending on the contextual factors that shape such migrations. Migration spurs self-improvement and development just as self-improvement and development facilitate migration.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Leander Kandilige, Geraldine Asiwome Ampah, Theophilus Kwabena Abutima Editorial 2023-12-13T20:26:37+00:00 Mulugeta F. Dinbabo 2023-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mulugeta Dinbabo Migration in West Africa 2023-12-13T20:22:47+00:00 Daniel Tevera 2023-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Daniel Tevera RETRACTED: Spaces, Places, and Migration: Understanding and Strengthening Public Health-Care Provision in South Africa 2024-03-19T11:01:06+00:00 Tackson Makandwa <p>This article has been published as a single-authored paper. However, since publication, the Editorial Team has found several similarities between this paper and another paper submitted to a different journal as a multi-authored paper. The Author has admitted failure to consult and credit other co-authors. Such failure to acknowledge co-authorship constitutes unethical practice and, as result, the Journal Editor has determined to retract the article. The retracted article will remain available online but each page will be watermarked to indicate that the article has been retracted.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Tackson Makandwa Compatible Compacts? The “Social Life” of Vulnerability, Migration Governance, and Protection at the Zimbabwe–South Africa Border 2024-02-13T15:27:33+00:00 Kudakwashe Vanyoro Nicholas Maple Jo Vearey <p>The central argument of this paper is that interventions of humanitarian organizations at the Zimbabwe–South Africa border reveal the importance placed on making very clear distinctions between those needing protection and those who do not. This is the case even in times wherein migrants have other protection needs that fall outside these boundaries or intersect with those of others. These boundaries are retained in the stable definitions of migrant in/vulnerability that have been legitimized by the increased emphasis of two separate frameworks: one, the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration (GCM) for managing migration and the other, the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) that determines a set of stable norms for international refugee protection. These mandates are also connected to other tidy, established identities of vulnerability that pertain to gender, health, legal standing, and persecution. In contexts marked by conflicting and overlapping experiences for persons on the move, and mixed migration flows, these ideas are unstable as a way of governing migration. This is because they can also reproduce and intensify social divisions that may lead to inconsistencies and unethical practices in international protection and migration governance for irregular migrants, as well as failures to respond to “the ‘social life’ of vulnerability.” We propose this novel concept in the paper to capture and reimagine the limits and possibilities for protection.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Kudakwashe Vanyoro, Nick Maple, Jo Vearey Migrations Between Africa and China: A Decentered Approach 2023-08-17T15:36:06+00:00 Oreva Olakpe Anna Triandafyllidou 2023-08-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Oreva Olakpe, Anna Triandafyllidou “Let Them Stay There”: COVID-19 and Zimbabwe’s Indignation Against Return Migrants and Travelers 2023-11-20T12:26:43+00:00 Chipo Hungwe Zvenyika Mugari <p>This paper explains the indignation against and stigmatization of return migrants and travelers when Zimbabwe first recorded cases of COVID-19 in 2020. While xenophobic hatred toward foreign migrants enjoyed much media and scholarly attention, the similar risk faced by the return migrants and travelers among “their own” during the pandemic was largely left on the back burner. The paper uses secondary analysis of information from social media, government reports, media briefings, and public utterances of government officials to provide an explanation for the negative attitudes of locals against migrants at the height of COVID-19. The findings revealed that in times of change and dealing with uncertainty, there is a tendency to redraw boundary lines between in-groups and out-groups with negative consequences for those labeled as the out-group. For some time, the returnees were stigmatized as harbingers of the COVID-19 virus and viewed as troublesome and acting in an unreasonable manner, thus courting the indignation of local Zimbabweans. This paper lends support to the view that pandemics create fear, which results in the rejection and exclusion of ordinary members of the in-group. Perceived resource competition, resource scarcity, anxiety, and fear heightened the stigmatization of return migrants and travelers. To build back better from the negative effects of the pandemic, there is a need to review COVID-19 preventive measures, avoid reckless public pronouncements that stigmatize and stoke hatred for return migrants, and invest in the healthcare system.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Prof Chipo Hungwe, Dr Zvenyika Eckson Mugari Higher Education Policy and Access for South Sudanese from Bidi Bidi, Uganda 2023-09-27T12:10:46+00:00 Christine Semambo Sempebwa <p>Globally, refugee-hosting states are required to have a higher education (HE) policy that incorporates refugees, in order to raise refugees’ HE access to 15% by 2030. This paper explores the influence of HE policy formulation and implementation on refugee access and resilience among South Sudanese from the Bidi Bidi settlement in Uganda. The study adopted a qualitative approach, an exploratory case study design, and an advocacy world view. The researcher collected data from 27 participants– 12 undergraduates from two private Ugandan universities, 13 government and non-governmental organization (NGO) officials, two officials from public and private universities – all involved in refugee education. Additionally, the researcher obtained data through a literature review, in-depth interviews with key informants and students, and a focus group discussion. The findings reveal that in principle, HE policy formulation in Uganda is incorporated in the development of the Education Response Plan (ERP) for refugees and host communities, through a multi-stakeholder approach. However, neither students nor higher education institutions (HEIs) were part of the ERP formulation process. The HE policy formulation process in Uganda traverses a value chain with intersecting complexities. These include: supra-state and national policy, refugee demographics, preferences for basic education and emergency interventions, negative perceptions of HE returns, hostility and refugee exclusion, and students’ personal challenges. Relatedly, support for refugees is largely provided by HEIs and NGOs, using silo, independent guidelines. Ultimately, the findings indicate that the HE policy formulation and implementation do not address the intersecting complexities adequately, with implications for student access and resilience. This study identifies areas that could inform HE policy formulation and implementation, and enhance refugee access and resilience, especially in light of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) 15by30 Roadmap.</p> 2023-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Christine Semambo Sempebwa