Determinants of Healthy Aging in Internally Displaced Communities in Nigeria

  • Adebayo O.M Makanju Ministry of Economic Planning and Budget
  • Hafiz T.A Khan University of West London
Keywords: Environmental stress, Forced migration, Population aging, Nigeria, Sullivan method


The main objective of this research article, is to assess the effect of socio-economic
and environmental determinants on the healthy aging status amongst internally displaced
migrants and non-migrants nestled within the environmentally stressed regions
of Northeastern Nigeria. Methodologically the study utilized secondary data from the
Nigerian IDP Survey 2018 (Location-Northeastern States; n-1293 adults aged ≥50;
male n-63.1%, female n-36.9%) using a multi-stage stratified random sample. Varied
statistical techniques such as cross-tabulation and binary logistic regression were used
to analyze the dataset. The study results show a high mean prevalence of old-age disability
within the study area, irrespective of migration status in Northeastern Nigeria.
Secondly, socio-economic and environmental determinants were robust predictors of
later-life health outcomes. In addition, the regression revealed that concomitant factors
such as age, gender and sanitation have a negative effect on older adult wellness
and well-being. Meanwhile, the migration status of internally displaced persons (IDPs),
although in most cases forced, significantly improves the odds of aging healthily. Conclusively,
the quality of life of the older adults, irrespective of migration status, is poorly
impacted by diminishing familial supports, social exclusion, non-existent social security
program and non-existence of healthcare infrastructure. Based on the study results,
we recommend that the proposed Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Sahelian “Green belt†afforestation project targeted, especially to areas around
the Chad basin be fully implemented, as this project will help mediate the perennial
conflicts between the herdsmen and farming communities.

Author Biographies

Adebayo O.M Makanju, Ministry of Economic Planning and Budget

Department of Economic Planning and Budget, Lagos State Government, Nigeria

Hafiz T.A Khan, University of West London

University of West London, UK