Word limit

Your word count should be indicated at the end of your article.

Maximum word count is 8000 words, including references.


Please use British spelling throughout, for example ‘colour’ rather than ‘color’. The –ise/-isa convention should also be followed (instead of –ize/iza).

Please use single quotation marks, except where 'a quotation is "within" a quotation'. Longer quotations (longer than 40 words) should simply be indented without quotation marks.

Acronyms should be spelt out in full at first use, with the acronym in brackets, and the acronym alone may be used thereafter.


Kindly use Microsoft Word, Times New Roman, 11 point font, and double spacing.

Headings and Sub headings

MAIN HEADINGS should be bolded in upper case; second level headings should have sentence case only and underlined and third level headings only sentence case.

Headings and sub headings should not be numbered or bulleted.

References and citations

In-text citations and bibliographies should use the Harvard style (author-date) of referencing (Google for details of this).

All authors mentioned in the reference list must be cited chronologically in the main text, and every author cited in the main text must be listed alphabetically in the reference list.

Footnotes should be kept to a minimum, and only used where absolutely necessary.


  1. Author details. All authors’ full names, affiliations, postal addresses, telephone numbers and email addresses on a separate title page that accompanies your article. Please repeat the title in your article.
  2. An Abstractof no more than 200 words.
  3. 4 to 6 Keywords should follow your abstract.
  4. Indicate any funding details. Please acknowledge any funding or grant awards that made your research possible. 
  5. Figures should be of a high quality and be saved as TIFF, JPEG or .eps format, and attached as annexures to the article. Images or figures not the property of the author should have the necessary permission to be used.
  6. Tables should be easy to read and interpret.
  7. Turnitin Report: You should obtain any necessary permission to use third party material in your article as copyright permission is your responsibility. The article should be your original work and should be accompanied by a Turnitin report that indicates the extent of your article’s similarity index.